The Information Economy Report 2012: The Software Industry and Developing Countries
The Information Economy Report 2012: The Software Industry and Developing Countries is the seventh in the flagship series published by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). In the 2012 edition, special attention is given to the role of software capabilities in accelerating progress towards a more inclusive information society. Key issues covered include: * The link between software capabilities and development * Global and regional trends in production, spending, trade, investment, venture capital and employment in the software sector * The evolving ICT landscape and its impact on software production patterns * Trends and implications related to free and open source software (FOSS) * An analysis of the market orientation of software production in developing countries * Country case studies * Policy recommendations on how governments and their development partners can better leverage software for development and strengthen national software systems
The Information Economy Report 2012 finds that, because software is increasingly permeating societies at all levels of development and activity, it is becoming more important for countries to develop the technological capabilities needed to adopt and adapt existing software solutions, and eventually to innovate. Software and service activities represent an opportunity for developing countries, thanks to the low capital entry requirements, the sector's high-value, high-growth nature and knowledge-rich profile. Due to changes in the ICT landscape, even small-scale developers in developing countries can now participate in software development and production, for example in the area of mobile applications. The Report suggests that there is considerable room for developing countries to make better use of the software potential. The Report introduces the concept of the national software system. It emphasizes that domestic software producers and users are greatly influenced by the quality and affordability of ICT infrastructure, access to relevant human resources and capital, the legal framework, an enabling business infrastructure, as well as by the links with software networks in the rest of the world.
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