About PLOS


Publication: 2012-10-21



Name:Owen Ambur


Name:Public Library of Science


Public Library of Science (PLOS) is a nonprofit publisher, membership, and advocacy organization


  • Peter JerramCEO - Peter’s publishing career began as head of documentation for the team that launched the first desktop computer version of Unix, now the basis for systems such as Linux and Apple’s OS X. Another of Peter’s groups used SGML, a forerunner of HTML and XML, to online publish large volumes of documentation in multiple systems and languages using a single source file. Peter has launched book-publishing enterprises for Silicon Valley software firms, has run the internet business for a Fortune 500 bank, and was an Internet strategist at PricewaterhouseCoopers, where he worked in healthcare (Blue Cross), higher education (Stanford University), and financial services (Barclay’s). He is the author of two books on business and technology.

  • Cameron NeylonAdvocacy Director

  • Donna OkuboSenior Manager of Community Outreach and Advocacy - Donna Okubo brings more than 15 years of non-profit membership and fundraising management experience. Donna began her career at KQED television station in San Francisco where she assisted in the coordination of a $9 million Capital Campaign. She worked with the National Japanese American Citizens League (JACL), which is the oldest and largest Asian American civil rights organization with more than 24,000 members and 112 chapters. Donna also worked at the Tech Museum of Innovation where she increased their membership base by creating new benefits, incentives, and member events. She is very active in the Asian American community and serves as a program advisor for the San Mateo Library cultural diversity project, CSUMB Obata Mural Campaign, and Monterey JACL Historic Preservation program.

  • Richard CaveDirector of IT and Computer Operations - Richard oversees the I.T. Operations and Development teams at PLOS. When he joined PLOS in 2005, the I.T. department consisted of two web producers and a few decrepit servers. Fast forward to 2012 – the team now consists of almost twenty employees including developers, support technicians and system administrators. The I.T. Operations and Development teams oversee the internal infrastructure for the PLOS organization, the platform for the PLOS products and development of Ambra, an open source publishing platform. Richard also leads the Article-Level Metrics (ALM) initiative which provides a suite of metrics to measure the overall performance and reach of published research articles. A huge proponent of Open Source software, Richard was drawn to the passion surrounding Open Access advocacy at PLOS and the commitment to make scientific knowledge freely available to the public. He brings more than 20 years of I.T. management and development experience from working with start-ups, non-profits and established companies. Richard obtained a B.S. degree in Cognitive Science from U.C. San Diego, during which time he also developed a passion for surfing , and is currently pursuing an Executive MBA at San Francisco State University.

  • PLOS Board of Directors

  • Gary WardPLOS Chairman of the Board; Professor of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics and Co-Director of the Vermont Center for Immunology and Infectious Diseases, University of Vermont - Gary Ward received his PhD in 1985 from UC San Diego under the direction of Victor Vacquier and did his postdoctoral training at UC San Francisco with Marc Kirschner, studying cell cycle regulation. He was a Senior Staff Fellow at the NIH’s Laboratory of Parasitic Diseases from 1989 to 1996, where he worked on malaria with Lou Miller. Ward joined the faculty at the University of Vermont in 1996 and was named a Burroughs Wellcome New Investigator in Molecular Parasitology. He is currently Professor of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics and co-Director of the Vermont Center for Immunology and Infectious Disease. His lab studies the cellular and molecular biology of protozoan parasites. Ward was Treasurer and Member of the Executive Committee of the American Society for Cell Biology from 2002 to 2008 and a charter member of the PLOS Biology Editorial Board. He was a member of the National Library of Medicine (NLM) Public Access Working Group, has been Chair of NLM’s PubMed Central National Advisory Committee, and is currently a member of the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC) Open Access working group.

  • Patrick O. BrownPLOS Co-founder; Stanford University School of Medicine, Howard Hughes Medical Institute - Patrick O. Brown was born in Washington, DC, in 1954, and grew up in Northern Virginia; Paris, France; and Taipei, Taiwan. In 1972, he entered the University of Chicago, finally emerging nearly a decade later with a BA, MD, and PhD. His thesis work, with Nick Cozzarelli, investigated the basic molecular mechanisms of DNA topoisomerases. Brown completed residency training in pediatrics in 1985, at Chicago’s Children’s Memorial Hospital. In a postdoctoral fellowship at the University of California, San Francisco, with J. Michael Bishop and Harold Varmus, he characterized the mechanism by which retroviruses such as HIV incorporate their genes into the genomes of their hosts. In 1988, he joined the Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Stanford University School of Medicine, where he is currently a professor in the department of biochemistry. His current research activities include systematic studies of global gene expression programs and their regulation; the use of DNA microarrays and other “genomic” approaches to explore fundamental questions in cell biology, physiology, and development; and the development and application of new high-dimensional molecular profiling methods for detection and diagnosis of disease. Brown is married to Sue Klapholz, MD, PhD, with three children: Zach, Ariel, and Isaac.

  • Michael B. EisenPLOS Co-founder; Assistant Professor of Genetics, Genomics and Development, Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley - Michael B. Eisen is a computational and evolutionary biologist at the University of California at Berkeley and the Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, and an ardent advocate for the free flow of scientific methods, data, and knowledge. He received his undergraduate degree in mathematics (with extensive side studies in ecology and evolutionary biology) from Harvard College in 1989. He received a PhD in biophysics from Harvard University in 1996 for his doctoral research on influenza virus proteins structure and function. After a summer working as a play-by-play announcer for the Columbia Mules (a minor league baseball team in Columbia, Tennessee), he joined the laboratories of Patrick O. Brown and David Botstein at Stanford as a postdoctoral fellow. While at Stanford, Eisen developed methods and software for the analysis of data from genome-wide expression studies. In 2000, he moved to Berkeley, where he runs his own lab studying how regulatory information is encoded in genome sequences and the role that variation in regulatory sequences has played in evolution. He is a 2001 Pew Biomedical Scholar and received a 2004 Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers.

  • Michael W. CarrollProfessor of Law and Director of the Program on Information Justice and Intellectual Property at American University Washington College of Law - Michael Carroll is a Professor of Law and Director of the Program on Information Justice and Intellectual Property at American University Washington College of Law. His research and teaching specialties are intellectual property law and cyberlaw, focusing on the search for balance over time in the face of challenges posed by new technologies. He is a founding member of Creative Commons, Inc., a global organization that provides standardized legal and technical tools that enable legal sharing of cultural, educational, scientific and other copyrighted works. Professor Carroll also is recognized as a leading advocate for open access over the Internet to the research that appears in scholarly and scientific journals. He has written white papers and has given numerous presentations to university faculty, administrators, and staff around the country on this issue. In addition, he serves on the National Research Council’s Board on Research Data and Information, is an Academic Fellow of the Center for Democracy and Technology and is a member of the Advisory Board to Public Knowledge. Prior to entering law teaching, Professor Carroll practiced law at Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering in Washington, D.C. and served as a law clerk to Judge Judith W. Rogers, U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit and to Judge Joyce Hens Green, U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia. He received his A.B. (Anthropology), with general honors, from the University of Chicago and his J.D., magna cum laude, from the Georgetown University Law Center.

  • Robin Lovell-BadgeHead of the Division of Stem Cell Biology and Developmental Genetics, MRC National Institute for Medical Research, London - Robin Lovell-Badge is a developmental biologist, geneticist and stem cell biologist at NIMR in London. He obtained his PhD in Embryology at University College London in 1978 under Martin Evans. After postdoctoral research in Cambridge and Paris, he established his independent laboratory in 1982 at the MRC Mammalian Development Unit, University College, London, directed by Anne McLaren. In 1988 he moved to the National Institute for Medical Research in Mill Hill, London, becoming Head of Division in 1993. He is also an honorary professor at University College London and a Distinguished Visiting Professor at the University of Hong Kong. He has had long-standing interests in the biology of stem cells, in how genes work in the context of development, and how decisions of cell fate are made. Major themes of his current work include sex determination, development of the nervous system, and the biology of stem cells within the early embryo, the CNS and the pituitary. He is also very active in both public engagement and policy work, notably around stem cells, genetics, human embryo and animal research, and in ways science is regulated, conducted and disseminated.

  • Heather JosephExecutive Director of SPARC - Heather Joseph serves as the Executive Director of the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC), an international coalition of academic and research libraries whose mission is to expand the global, cost-effective, digital dissemination of scholarly and scientific research results. As SPARC’s Director since 2005, she has focused on supporting emerging publishing models, enabling digital archives and establishing open access policies on the national and international levels. Prior to joining SPARC, she spent 15 years as a publishing executive in both commercial and not-for-profit publishing organizations. She served as the publishing director at the American Society for Cell Biology, which became the first journal to commit its full content to the pioneering open access repository, PubMed Central. She also founded BioOne, a collaborative publishing organization designed to support non-profit publishers, and keep them operating independently from multinational commercial interests. Ms. Joseph is the convener of the Alliance for Taxpayer Access, a national coalition that advocates for public access to the results of federally funded research. She is an active participant in projects and committees at U.S. federal science agencies, including the NIH, Department of Energy, and National Academies of Science. She is a frequent speaker and writer on scholarly communications in general, and on open access in particular.

  • David LiddleVenture Partner, US Venture Partners - David Liddle joined US Venture Partners in January 2000, after retiring as president and CEO of business incubator Interval Research Corporation. Prior to co-founding Interval with Paul Allen, David founded and served as CEO of Metaphor, which was acquired by IBM in 1991, where he became Vice President of Business Development for IBM Personal Systems. David’s extensive experience in research and development includes 10 years at Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (PARC), from 1972 to 1982. He has been a director of Sybase, Broderbund Software, Borland International and Ticketmaster, and is currently on the board of the New York Times Company, and MaxLinear. His board involvement at USVP includes Electric Cloud, Instantis, Karmasphere, Klocwork, and Optichron. David has served on the DARPA Information Science and Technology Committee, and as chair of the NAS Computer Science and Telecommunications board. David earned a BS in Electrical Engineering at the University of Michigan and an MSEE, MSES, and PhD at the University of Toledo, where his dissertation focused on reconfigurable computing machines. His contributions to human-computer interaction design earned him the distinction of Senior Fellow at the Royal College of Art. He has served as a Consulting Professor of EE and also of CS at Stanford. He is on the boards of the Colleges of Engineering at Stanford University, UC Berkeley, the University of Michigan, and the University of Toledo, and once chaired the board of the Santa Fe Institute, an organization that promotes the sciences.

  • Rosalind L. SmythDirector of The Institute of Child Health at University College London and Honorary Consultant Respiratory Paediatrician at Great Ormond Street Hospital - Rosalind Smyth graduated in medicine from Clare College, Cambridge and University of London and trained in paediatrics in London, Cambridge and Liverpool. Until September 2012, she was Professor of Paediatric Medicine in Liverpool UK, where she was Director of the UK Medicines for Children Research Network, which supports all clinical research with children in England. Her current research interests include clinical studies of viral/host interactions in RSV bronchiolitis, clinical trials and systematic reviews of treatments for childhood respiratory disease. She is a member of the Commission on Human Medicine and chairs its Paediatric Expert Advisory Group. She is a Fellow and recent Council member of the Academy of Medical Sciences (UK).

  • Marty TenenbaumChairman and Founder of CommerceNet - Jay M. (“Marty”) Tenenbaum, Chairman and Founder of CommerceNet, is a world-renowned Internet commerce pioneer and visionary. He was founder and CEO of Enterprise Integration Technologies, the first company to conduct a commercial Internet transaction (1992), secure Web transaction (1993), and Internet auction (1993). In 1994, he founded CommerceNet to accelerate business use of the Internet. In 1997, he co-founded Veo Systems, the company that pioneered the use of XML for automating business-to-business transactions. Dr. Tenenbaum joined Commerce One in January 1999, when it acquired Veo Systems. As Chief Scientist, he was instrumental in shaping the company’s business and technology strategies for the Global Trading Web. Post Commerce One, he was an officer and director of Webify Solutions (sold to IBM in 2006) and Medstory (sold to Microsoft in 2007). He’s currently focused on transforming healthcare and accelerating therapy development through collaborative e-science. Earlier in his career, Dr. Tenenbaum was a prominent AI researcher, and led AI research groups at SRI International and Schlumberger Ltd. Dr. Tenenbaum is a Fellow and former board member of the American Association for Artificial Intelligence, and a former Consulting Professor of Computer Science at Stanford. He currently serves as a director of Efficient Finance and Patients Like Me, and is a Consulting Professor of Information Technology at Carnegie Mellon’s new West Coast campus. Dr. Tenenbaum holds BS and MS degrees in Electrical Engineering from MIT, and a PhD from Stanford.

  • Beth WeilFormer Head librarian, Marian Koshland Bioscience and Natural Resources Library, University of California, Berkeley - Beth Weil last position was the Head Librarian of the Marian Koshland Bioscience and Natural Resources Library at the University of California, Berkeley. She received her undergraduate degree in Zoology from the University of California, Davis in Zoology and her MLS from the University of California, Berkeley. She began her librarian career in the National Library of Medicine’s postgraduate Associate Fellowship program and continued to work at NLM for several years before moving to manage Stanford University’s Falconer Biology Library. In 1986 Beth moved to Berkeley, where she merged the collections of five life science libraries into a renovated space at the cutting edge of science libraries worldwide. Beth has served on several journal advisory boards and is a member of the National Academy of Sciences Library Advisory Board, on which she has served since 1998. In 2003 she was honored with the Librarian’s Association of the University of California, Berkeley Division Distinguished Librarian Award.

  • PLOS International Advisory GroupPLOS aims to be truly international by removing unnecessary barriers to the immediate availability, access and use of its published research; and by engaging a geographically diverse group of researchers and medical practitioners in the editorial process. PLOS’ International Advisory Group is a group of eminent individuals from around the world whose aim is to ensure that we address issues that will encourage this global participation.

  • Professor Rosalind L. Smyth(member of the PLOS Board) Head of Division of Child Health, School of Reproductive Health, Alder Hey Children’s Hospital, Liverpool UK

  • Professor Patrick O. Brown(member of the PLOS Board) HHMI Investigator, Professor of Biochemistry, Stanford University, Stanford, California USA

  • Professor James K. TumwineDepartment of Paediatrics and Child Health, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Uganda

  • Dr. Niyaz AhmedAssociate Professor of Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Central University P.O., Gachibowli, Hyderabad, India

  • Dr. Ramy Karam AzizDepartment of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University, Egypt

  • Professor Phillip A. R. HockeyPercey FitzPatrick Institute of African Ornithology, University of Cape Town, South Africa

  • Professor Raghavendra GadagkarCentre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India

  • Dr. Alejandro CraviotoExecutive Director, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh

  • Dr. Jaime MirandaAssociate Professor, School of Medicine, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru

  • Professor Tazeen JafarDepartment of Nephrology, Aga Khan Medical School, Karachi, Pakistan

  • Professor Liping WeiDirector, Center for Bioinformatics, Peking University, Beijing, PR China

  • Ms. Iryna KuchmaOpen Access Programme Manager, EIFL, Kiev, Ukraine

  • Professor Xiaolin ZhangExecutive Director, National Science Library Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

  • PLOS PartnersWe work with, are members of or partner with, the following organizations:

  • Committee of Publication Ethics

  • Council of Scientific Editors


  • International Society of Managing and Technical Editors

  • National Association of Science Writers

  • Open Access Scholarly Publishing Association

  • Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition

  • World Association of Medical Editors

  • American Journal Experts, LLC

  • Aries Systems Corporation

  • Editorial Office

  • J&J Editorial, LLC

  • The Charlesworth Group, Inc.

  • Zyg Group, LLC