Global Innovation Index 2013 Conceptual Framework
Global Innovation Index 2013 (GII) relies on two sub-indices, the Innovation Input Sub-Index and the Innovation Output Sub-Index,
each built around key pillars. Five input pillars capture elements of the national economy that enable innovative activities:
(1) Institutions, (2) Human capital and research, (3) Infrastructure, (4) Market sophistication, and (5) Business sophistication.
Two output pillars capture actual evidence of innovation outputs: (6) Knowledge and technology outputs and (7) Creative outputs.
Each pillar is divided into sub-pillars and each sub-pillar is composed of individual indicators (84 in total). Sub-pillar
scores are calculated as the weighted average of individual indicators; pillar scores are calculated as the weighted average
of sub-pillar scores. Four measures are then calculated: * The Innovation Input Sub-Index is the simple average of the first
five pillar scores. * The Innovation Output Sub-Index is the simple average of the last two pillar scores. * The overall GII
is the simple average of the Input and Output Sub-Indices. * The Innovation Efficiency Ratio is the ratio of the Output Sub-Index
over the Input Sub-Index.
For this sixth edition, the Global Innovation Index 2013 (GII) covers 142 economies, accounting for 94.9% of the world's population
and 98.7% of the world's Gross Domestic Product (in US Dollars).
Name:Johnson Graduate School of Management
The Business School for the World -- As one of the world's leading and largest graduate business schools, INSEAD brings together
people, cultures and ideas to change lives and to transform organisations. A global perspective and cultural diversity are
reflected in all aspects of our research and teaching. With campuses in Europe (France), Asia (Singapore) and Abu Dhabi, INSEAD's
business education and research spans three continents. Our 146 renowned Faculty members from 34 countries inspire more than
1,300 degree participants annually in our MBA, Executive MBA, Specialised Master's degrees (Master in Finance, Executive Master
in Consulting and Coaching for Change) and PhD programmes. In addition, more than 12,000 executives participate in INSEAD's
Executive Education programmes each year. In addition to INSEAD's programmes on our three campuses, INSEAD participates in
academic partnerships with the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia & San Francisco); the Kellogg
School of Management at Northwestern University near Chicago, and Johns Hopkins University/SAIS in Washington DC. In Asia,
INSEAD partners with Tsinghua University in Beijing and with CEIBS. INSEAD is a founding member in the multidisciplinary Sorbonne
University created in 2012, and also partners with FundaÃ§Ã£o Dom Cabral in Brazil. INSEAD became a pioneer of international
business education with the graduation of the first MBA class on the Fontainebleau campus in Europe in 1960. In 2000, INSEAD
opened its Asia campus in Singapore. And in 2007 the school began an association in the Middle East, officially opening the
Abu Dhabi campus in 2010. Around the world and over the decades, INSEAD continues to conduct cutting edge research and to
innovate across all our programmes to provide business leaders with the knowledge and sensitivity to operate anywhere. These
core values have enabled us to become truly "The Business School for the World."
Name:World Intellectual Property Organization
WIPO is the global forum for intellectual property services, policy, information and cooperation. We are a self-funding agency
of the United Nations, with 186 member states. Our mission is to lead the development of a balanced and effective international
intellectual property (IP) system that enables innovation and creativity for the benefit of all. Our mandate, governing bodies
and procedures are set out in the WIPO Convention, which established WIPO in 1967.