Force11 White Paper: Improving The Future of Research Communications and e-Scholarship


Start: 2012-02-19, Publication: 2013-05-08


This document highlights the findings of the Force11 workshop on the Future of Research Communication and e-Scholarship held at Schloss Dagstuhl, Germany, in August 2011: it summarizes a number of key problems facing scholarly publishing today, and presents a vision that addresses these problems, proposing concrete steps that key stakeholders can take to improve the state of scholarly publishing.

More about Force11 can be found at This White Paper is a collaborative effort that reflects the input of all Force11 attendees at the Dagstuhl Workshop , and is very much a living document. We see it as a starting point that will grow and be updated and augmented by individual and collective efforts by the participants and others. We invite you to join and contribute to this enterprise.


Name:Owen Ambur


Name:Force 11


Force11 (the Future of Research Communication and e-Scholarship) is a community of scholars, librarians, archivists, publishers and research funders that has arisen organically to help facilitate the change toward improved knowledge creation and sharing. Individually and collectively, we aim to bring about a change in scholarly communication through the effective use of information technology. Force11 has grown from a small group of like-minded individuals into an open movement with clearly identified stakeholders associated with emerging technologies, policies, funding mechanisms and business models. While not disputing the expressive power of the written word to communicate complex ideas, our foundational assumption is that scholarly communication by means of semantically-enhanced media-rich digital publishing is likely to have a greater impact than communication in traditional print media or electronic facsimiles of printed works. However, to date, online versions of ‘scholarly outputs' have tended to replicate print forms, rather than exploit the additional functionalities afforded by the digital terrain. We believe that digital publishing of enhanced papers will enable more effective scholarly communication, which will also broaden to include, for example, better links to data, the publication of software tools, mathematical models, protocols and workflows, and research communication by means of social media channels.


  • Philip E. BourneEditor

  • Tim ClarkEditor

  • Robert DaleEditor

  • Anita de WaardEditor

  • Ivan HermanEditor

  • Eduard H. HovyEditor

  • David ShottonEditor

  • Bradley P. AllenContributor

  • Aliaksandr BirukouContributor

  • Judith A. BlakeContributor

  • Philip E. BourneContributor

  • Simon Buckingham ShumContributor

  • Gully A.P.C. BurnsContributor

  • Leslie ChanContributor

  • Olga ChiarcosContributor

  • Paolo CiccareseContributor

  • Tim ClarkContributor

  • Laura CzerniewiczContributor

  • Robert DalecContributor

  • Anna De LiddojContributor

  • David De RouregContributor

  • Anita De WaarddContributor

  • Stefan DeckernContributor

  • Alex Garcia CastroContributor

  • Carole GobleContributor

  • Eve GrayContributor

  • Paul GrothContributor

  • Udo HahnContributor

  • Ivan HermanContributor

  • Eduard H. HovyContributor

  • Michael J. KurtzContributor

  • Fiona MurphyContributor

  • Cameron NeylonContributor

  • Steve PettiferContributor

  • Mike W. RogersContributor

  • David S. H. RosenthalContributor

  • David ShottonContributor

  • Jarkko SirenContributor

  • Herbert van de SompelContributor

  • Peter van den BesselaarContributor

  • Todd VisionContributor

  • ScholarsFor scholars (also in their roles as authors, editors and reviewers) the benefits are better communication of knowledge: easier transmission of information from its creators or discovers (the producers), in more forms using richer media, permitting easier, faster and deeper interpretation of the information by the consumers (other scholars, students and their teachers, government and non-governmental agencies, industry, the media, and society at large). At the same time, these new and enhanced forms of communication will enable more accurate evaluations of the quality and the impact of scholars' work, facilitating better promotion evaluations and proposal assessments.

  • Decision MakersSimilarly, for decision makers and managers, the new communicative forms mean that the impacts and effects of scholarly communications, and hence of their authors, can more easily be tracked and evaluated.

  • Managers

  • Research FundersFor research funders, enhanced communications will enable more accurate overviews of the size, direction and importance of each stream of research, and permit quicker determination of the quality of the work cited in grant proposals. But these advances mean that established practice will need to change.

  • LibrariansFor librarians and archivists, while online accessibility will mean that traditional library holdings become less important, the archiving, updating and maintenance of digital data and software will increase in importance. Adapting to these changes will bring about new modes of service to users.

  • Archivists

  • PublishersSimilarly, for publishers, the traditional functions of manuscript compilation and distribution will change radically, while quality control, access facilitation, new modes of aggregation, and the standardization, maintenance, and support of knowledge access technologies become more important. Providing these services will allow publishers successfully to face the challenges of free access to published research that is being ushered in by the open access movement.