Mission Statement


Publication: 2013-06-05


Since its founding in 1999 through a gift from Kennedy School alumnus Greg Carr, the Center has developed a unique focus of expertise on the most dangerous and intractable human rights challenges of the new century, including genocide, mass atrocity, state failure and the ethics and politics of military intervention.

In approaching such challenges, we seek to lead public policy debate, to train human rights leaders and to partner with human rights organizations to help them respond to current and future challenges. We also recognize that the solutions to such problems must involve not only human rights actors, but governments, corporations, the military and others not traditionally perceived as being "human rights" efforts. Thus, we seek to expand the reach and relevance of human rights considerations to all who influence their outcomes.


Name:Owen Ambur


Name:Carr Center for Human Rights Policy



  • Harvard Kennedy School

  • Carr Center Advisory Board

  • Chris AbeleChris Abele joins the Carr Advisory Board with extensive philanthropic experience, having served as Chairman of Women for Women International and as board member to Planned Parenthood Wisconsin and the Wisconsin AIDS Fund. Mr. Abele is the President and CEO of the Argosy Foundation. He is also co-founder of the Boston Book review and is a graduate of Lawrence University in Appleton, Wisconsin.

  • Greg CarrGreg Carr, through his non-profit, The Carr Foundation, signed a 30-year agreement in 2006 with the government of Mozambique to restore that country's flagship national park, Gorongosa. The project entails science research, conservation of the ecosystem, economic development through ecotourism and social development of the traditional communities located near the park through education and health care initiatives. In 2000 his foundation created the Museum of Idaho, a cultural and natural history institution that is the largest museum in the state. In 1999 he co- founded the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy. In private sector business, Mr. Carr was the chair of Prodigy Internet Corporation from 1996 to 1998 and he co-founded Boston Technology, a global telecommunications provider, in 1986 and served as its chair until 1998. He serves on the board of Physicians for Human Rights. He received a M.P.P. degree from Harvard University in 1986.

  • Vin RyanVin Ryan is Chairman of Schooner Capital LLC, a private equity investment firm based in Boston, which has been active in the United States since 1971. He is also a Director of Iron Mountain Incorporated; a founder of National Hydro and Arch Mobile Communications; and previously served as a Director of Continental Cablevision. Mr. Ryan divides his time between the aforementioned business interests and philanthropic pursuits. In addition to serving on the board of trustees of Physicians for Human Rights and the Landmine Survivors Network, Mr. Ryan is also on the board of trustees of the Marine Biological Laboratory and is a member of the board of associates of the Whitehead Institute.

  • Darian Weltman SwigDarian Weltman Swig is deeply engaged in international human rights advocacy and strategic philanthropy. She currently serves as co-chair of Human Rights Watch California Committee North, board member of Human Rights Watch and Genocide Intervention Network, and advisory board member of the Carr Center for Human Rights at Harvard University and the Human Rights Center at the University of California, Berkeley. She is also a member of International Human Rights Funders Group, The Philanthropy Workshop West Alumni Group, and the Pacific Council on International Policy. Darian is President of Article 3 Advisors, a newly formed consulting practice that assists the philanthropic and non-governmental sectors and to promote programs, projects and issues that strengthen universal human rights around the globe. From 2002-2006, Darian completed a program at the Rotary Center for International Studies in Peace and Conflict Resolution, at the University of California, Berkeley, where she completed dual Masters degrees in Political Science and International Area Studies Prior to 2002, Darian worked for over a decade in government and as a consultant in the field of international protocol and consular corps relations. Darian has traveled on numerous NGO led humanitarian missions. Born in Germany, Darian lives in San Francisco with her husband.

  • Susan VitkaSusan Vitka brings over 20 years of experience providing strategic and financial advice to start-ups and mature institutions in the private and social change sectors. Earlier in her career, Ms. Vitka was a principal at Charles River Associates and The Brattle Group and she maintains an independent advisory practice. In recent years, Ms. Vitka has focused primarily on investing in and assisting social change organizations working on global health, human rights, sustainable development, and conservation. She is especially interested in building healthy organizations capable of effecting lasting change in her areas of interest. She has served on numerous boards in the US and abroad, including Women for Women International, Women for Women International UK (as chair), and Physicians for Human Rights, and serves as a trustee for two family foundations.

  • Carr Center Staff

  • Charlie ClementsExecutive Director, Carr Center for Human Rights Policy; Adjunct Lecturer, Public Policy, Harvard Kennedy School; Faculty, Harvard Humanitarian Initiative -- Charlie Clements is the Carr Center's Executive Director. Prior to coming to the Carr Center, Clements, a widely respected human rights activist and public health physician, served as president of Unitarian Universalist Service Committee from August 2003 until February 2010. Prior to taking the position at UUSC, he served as executive director of Border WaterWorks, an initiative of the Pew Charitable Trusts and the El Paso Community Foundation, which assisted small U.S. communities along the border without running water or sewers to construct such desperately needed infrastructure. Throughout the years, Clements has faced several moral dilemmas that shaped his life. As a distinguished graduate of the Air Force Academy who had flown more than 50 missions in the Vietnam War, he decided the war was immoral and refused to fly missions in support of the invasion of Cambodia. Later, as a newly trained physician, he chose to work in the midst of El Salvador's civil war, where the villages he served were bombed, rocketed, or strafed by some of the same aircraft in which he had previously trained. For two years in the late 1980s, Clements served as director of human rights education at UUSC, leading a number of congressional fact-finding delegations to Central America. In 1997, as president of Physicians for Human Rights, he participated both in the Nobel Peace Prize ceremony and the treaty signing for the International Campaign to Ban Landmines. Clements is author of Witness to War and the subject of an Academy Award-winning documentary of the same title.

  • Eric Jenkins-SahlinStaff Assistant -- Eric Jenkins-Sahlin is administrative staff and faculty assistant to Carr Center Executive Director Charlie Clements. Eric previously served as faculty assistant to former Carr Center Director Rory Stewart before Stewart was elected to British Parliament in 2010. Eric graduated with honors from Boston University with a B.A. in Philosophy.

  • Chris KintzingWeb Communications Manager -- Chris Kintzing is the Carr Center's Web Communications Manager, responsible for making sure the Web is being used as effectively as possible to support the Center's mission. Before coming to Harvard, Chris spent 16 years working as a software developer in the Boston area.

  • Sophia KhanProgram Assistant, Program on Human Trafficking and Modern Slavery -- Sophia Khan is the program assistant at the Program on Human Trafficking and Modern Slavery. Currently, she also serves as Publishing Editor at the Journal of Inter-Religious Dialogue. After graduating from Dartmouth College with honors in classics and theater, Ms. Khan went on to receive master's degrees from Yale and Harvard in comparative religious ethics, human rights, and international security. Her graduate thesis examined cosmopolitanism and humanitarian intervention through the lens of Just War Theory and featured a case study on Darfur. She has worked with the International Center for Religion & Diplomacy, Harvard University Press, Asia Catalyst, and Integrated Refugee and Immigrant Services. When she's not dedicating her energies to human rights work, she loves to cook with her aunt; their first cookbook, Students Go Gourmet, was released this September.

  • Fatima MendikulovaProgram Assistant, Human Rights to Water & Sanitation Program -- Fatima Mendikulova is the program assistant for the Human Rights to Water and Sanitation Program. Ms. Mendikulova is originally from Kyrgyzstan, and has been doing research on water issues in Ferghana Valley, a very unique area that sits between Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Kygyzstan.

  • Git NahmensProgram Assistant, Latin America Program; Program Assistant, Program on Transitional Justice -- Git Nahmens has been working at the Carr Center since 2009. She has a BA from Boston University in international relations and political sciences and an MA from UMass Boston in Conflict Resolution. She is the program assistant for the Latin America Program and the newly formed Transitional Justice Program.

  • Helena PylväinenProgram Assistant, Sexuality, Gender and Human Rights Program -- Helena Pylväinen is the program assistant for the Sexuality, Gender and Human Rights Program. She is an MPP candidate working to advance justice and equality for all people through her work in education policy and human rights. She currently serves as President of the LGBTQ Caucus, Editor of the LGBTQ Policy Journal, and Research Assistant at the Carr Center. Before coming to the Kennedy School, she conducted research to evaluate programs that seek to encourage underrepresented female and minority students in science, technology, engineering and math. In the summer of 2012, Helena was an Education Pioneer Fellow at the New York City Department of Education, evaluating a Summer Learning Loss Prevention Pilot designed to reduce achievement gaps between low and high-income students.

  • 2012-2013 Carr Center Associates

  • Loubna Freih GeorgesLoubna Freih Georges is Human Rights Watch's Europe-based Director for Strategic Initiatives where she identifies and leads international advocacy campaigns. Until 2006, Freih Georges was the organization's main advocate to the United Nation in Geneva where she founded and ran HRW's presence in Switzerland. She contributed actively to the UN's Reform Agenda in 2005 that led to the creation of the Human Rights Council. Since 2000, she has followed human rights crises in Darfur, Iraq, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Nepal, Colombia and Uzbekistan, and worked closely with Mary Robinson, Sergio Vieira de Mello and Louise Arbour. Due to her advocacy efforts, an expert monitor on protecting human rights while countering terrorism was appointed in 2002. Freih Georges was a Mason Fellow at Harvard Kennedy School where she earned a Masters in Public Administration in 1999 and she graduated with an MA in Journalism from New York University in 1994. She is currently working on a campaign to ensure Russia's accountability in crimes committed against civilians during the two wars in Chechnya and is writing a memoir of her first years in Iraq where she was born.

  • Gerald KnausGerald Knaus is founding chairman of the European Stability Initiative (ESI) since 1999. ESI, with 24 staff based in 10 cities from London to Baku, is today the largest think tank focusing on the Balkans, Turkey and the South Caucasus. Gerald studied in Oxford, Brussels and Bologna. He taught economics at the University of Chernivtsi (Ukraine) and worked for five years in Bulgaria and Bosnia for NGOs and international organizations, including the OHR in Sarajevo and as analyst for ICG. He was director of the Lessons Learned Unit of the EU Pillar of the UN Mission in Kosovo (from 2001 to 2004). Some of Gerald's articles have triggered wide public debates, including "Travails of the European Raj" on Bosnia (2003) and "Member State Building and the Helsinki Moment" (2004). He co-authored more than 60 ESI reports as well as scripts for award-winning TV documentaries on South East Europe. He is a founding member of the European Council on Foreign Relations and a 2007/2008 Open Society Fellow. In 2004 he moved to Istanbul. He regularly writes for the Rumeli Observer.

  • Carolina LarrieraCarolina Larriera has a decade of experience working at the United Nations, at the headquarters in New York, and on UN missions to East Timor and Iraq. In East Timor, she was engaged in the development and transformation of small government divisions into fully-fledged ministries, her mission ending with the declaration of the independence of Timor-Leste in 2002. Carolina's next UN political mission in Baghdad was during the US war in Iraq, developing programs on the employability and economic rights of widows as part of the mission's human rights component, as well as coordinating preparations for the first international donor conference. Since surviving the the terrorist attack to the UN office in Baghdad, in 2003, she has started a regional office in South America for a Swiss NGO, focusing on advocacy issues, helping expand the work of the Brazilian Agency for Cooperation's policy on international assistance, and taught at the university level at the Pontificia Universidade Catolica, and the IBMEC Institute in Brazil. She holds a graduate degree in international relations from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University and has just completed her Mid-Career MPA at the Harvard Kennedy School. Carolina's research focus, during her fellowship, is the security environment of international agencies in the 21st century, and the new sources of insecurity facing organizations active in conflict areas.

  • Boris MuñozBoris Muñoz is currently a Fellow in the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy at the Harvard Kennedy School. In 2009, he was awarded the Nieman Fellowship by the Nieman Foundation for the Advancement of Journalism and was subsequently a visiting scholar at the Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies, at Harvard University. Muñoz is a Venezuelan journalist and writer with an extensive academic and journalistic experience in Latin American and Venezuela current affairs. He holds a Ph.D. in Hispanic American Literature and Culture at Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey. He has worked as investigative reporter, feature writer and columnist. Boris has been a New York correspondent for El Nacional, most recognized Venezuelan newspaper, chief editor of Nueva Sociedad, a renowned social sciences journal published by the Friedrich Ebert Foundation, and editorial director of Exceso, the most influential investigative journalism magazine in Venezuela. His books La ley de la calle, Más allá de la ciudad letrada, and Despachos del imperio have garnered critical acclaim in Venezuela and other South American countries. He has been awarded the Fernando Lázaro Carreter International Award for Journalism, La Frontera Institute Grant at Dartmouth College, and the Nieman Fellowship. As a Fellow at the Latin American Initiative of the Carr Center, Muñoz has been researching and documenting the illegal detention of judge Maria Lourdes Afiuni in Venezuela, as well as coordinating the Carr Center's humanitarian effort to liberate her in association with MIT's professor Noam Chomsky.

  • Carr Center Faculty

  • Mathias RisseMathias Risse is Professor of Philosophy and Public Policy at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government. He works mostly in social and political philosophy and in ethics. His primary research areas are contemporary political philosophy (in particular questions of international justice, distributive justice, and property) and decision theory (in particular, rationality and fairness in group decision making, an area sometimes called analytical social philosophy.) His articles have appeared in journals such as Ethics ; Philosophy and Public Affairs; Nous; the Journal of Political Philosophy ; and Social Choice and Welfare . Risse studied philosophy, mathematics, and mathematical economics at the University of Bielefeld, the University of Pittsburgh, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and Princeton University. He received his BA, BS and MS in mathematics from Bielefeld, and his MA and PhD in philosophy from Princeton. Before coming to Harvard he taught in the Department of Philosophy and the Program in Ethics, Politics and Economics at Yale.

  • Arthur Isak ApplbaumArthur Isak Applbaum is the Adams Professor of Democratic Values and former Acting Director of the Edmond J. Safra Foundation Center for Ethics at Harvard. Applbaum's work on legitimate political authority, civil and official disobedience, and role morality has appeared in journals such as Philosophy & Public Affairs, Harvard Law Review, Ethics, and Legal Theory . He is the author of Ethics for Adversaries , a book about the morality of roles in public and professional life. Applbaum has written about the ethics of executioners and of butlers, and he has consulted to the government about the ethics of spies. Recent papers include Legitimacy in a Bastard Kingdom and Forcing a People to Be Free. He is a member of Harvard's Advisory Committee on Shareholder Responsibility and chairs the ethics advisory board of a stem cell research foundation. Applbaum holds degrees from Princeton and Harvard. He was a Fulbright Scholar in Jerusalem, a Fellow in Ethics at Harvard, and a Rockefeller Fellow at Princeton University's Center for Human Values.

  • David C. KingDavid C. King is Senior Lecturer in Public Policy at The Harvard Kennedy School and Faculty Chair of the MPA programs. He also chairs Harvard's Program for Newly Elected Members of the U.S. Congress and Harvard's executive program for leaders in State and Local Governments. Professor King joined the faculty in 1992, and he lectures on Legislatures, Political Parties, and Interest Groups. In the wake of the 2000 presidential elections, Professor King directed the Task Force on Election Administration for the National Commission on Election Reform, chaired by former presidents Gerald Ford and Jimmy Carter. That effort culminated in landmark voting rights legislation signed by President Bush in late 2002. He later oversaw an evaluation and new management structure for the Boston Election Department, and he served on the Advisory Board of Professor King's recent work focuses on the U.S. Military: on factors influencing the willingness of minorities to join the military, and on family readiness issues more generally. Professor King played a central role in linking the removal of "Don't Ask Don't Tell" with the reinstatement of Naval ROTC at Harvard University. David King is co-author of The Generation of Trust: Public Confidence in the U.S. Military Since Vietnam (2003), author of Turf Wars: How Congressional Committees Claim Jurisdiction (1997), and co-editor of Why People Don't Trust Government (1997). An award-winning professor, David King's work is highlighted in Bill Smoot's 2010 book, Conversations with Great Teachers.

  • Jacqueline BhabhaJacqueline Bhabha is the Jeremiah Smith Jr. Lecturer in Law at Harvard Law School, the Director of Research at the FXB Center, Harvard School of Public Health, and an Adjunct Lecturer in Public Policy at the Kennedy School. From 1997 to 2001 she directed the Human Rights Program at the University of Chicago. Prior to 1997, she was a practicing human rights lawyer in London and at the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg. She received a first class honors degree and an MSc from Oxford University and a JD from the College of Law in London. She has recently authored three reports entitled Seeking Asylum Alone, about unaccompanied child asylum seekers. Her writings on issues of migration and asylum in Europe and the United States include a coauthored book, Women's Movement: Women Under Immigration, Nationality and Refugee Law , an edited volume, Asylum Law And Practice in Europe and North America ,and many articles, including Internationalist Gatekeepers? The Tension Between Asylum Advocacy and Human Rights and The Citizenship Deficit: On Being a Citizen Child. She is currently working on issues of child migration, smuggling and trafficking, and citizenship.

  • Claude BruderleinClaude Bruderlein is the Director of the Program on Humanitarian Policy and Conflict Research, an international research and policy program based at the Harvard School of Public Health. He has been engaged in international humanitarian protection since 1985. After obtaining a B.A. in economics and political science at McGill University in Montreal, Canada, he was granted a law degree from the University of Geneva Law School, with a specialization in International Law. He then served with the International Committee of the Red Cross as a delegate in Iran, Israel and the Occupied Territories, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Yemen. In 1996, Mr. Bruderlein received a Master's degree in Law from Harvard Law School and was admitted to the New York Bar. That same year, he joined the United Nations in New York as Special Advisor on Humanitarian Affairs. He worked particularly on humanitarian access in Afghanistan and North Korea. In September 2003, he was appointed as a member of the Independent Panel on the Safety and Security of the United Nations Personnel in Iraq. His research interests include international humanitarian law, humanitarian protection, security management and human security.

  • Martha ChenMartha Chen, Lecturer in Public Policy, is coordinator of the global research policy network Women in Informal Employment: Globalizing and Organizing (WIEGO). An experienced development practitioner and scholar, her areas of specialization are gender and poverty alleviation with a focus on issues of employment and livelihoods. Before joining Harvard University in 1987, she lived for 15 years in Bangladesh where she worked with BRAC, one of the world's largest NGOs, and in India where she served as field representative of Oxfam America for India and Bangladesh. She is the author of numerous books including, most recently, Progress of the World's Women 2005: Women, Work, and Poverty ; Women and Men in the Informal Economy: A Statistical Picture ; and Perpetual Mourning: Widowhood in Rural India . Chen received a PhD in South Asia regional studies from the University of Pennsylvania.

  • Dara CohenDara Cohen is an assistant professor of public policy at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. Her research and teaching interests span the field of international relations, including international security, civil war and the dynamics of violence during conflict, and gender and international relations. Her current book project examines the variation in the use of sexual violence during recent civil conflicts; the research for the book draws on fieldwork in Sierra Leone, East Timor and El Salvador, where she interviewed more than 200 ex-combatants and noncombatants. Her research has appeared in the Journal of Peace Research, International Security and Stanford Law Review, and has been funded by the National Science Foundation, the United States Institute of Peace and the Peace Research Institute, Oslo, among others. In 2011, Cohen was awarded the American Political Science Association's Award for Best Dissertation in Women and Politics. Cohen graduated with an A.B. in political science and philosophy with honors from Brown University in 2001, and served as a paralegal in the Outstanding Scholars Program in the Counterterrorism Section of the U.S. Department of Justice from 2001-2003. She received her Ph.D. in political science from Stanford University in 2010. Prior to joining the Kennedy School, she was an assistant professor at the Humphrey School of Public Affairs at the University of Minnesota.

  • Candelaria GarayCandelaria Garay is an Assistant Professor of Public Policy at the Kennedy School of Government. Her research focuses on social policy, collective action, and party politics in Latin America. She received a Ph.D. and M.A. in Political Science from the University of California, Berkeley, and holds a B.A. in Sociology from the University of Buenos Aires, Argentina. Currently, she is working on a book manuscript that seeks to characterize and explain the recent expansion of and cross-country variation in social policy programs (income transfers, pensions, and health-care services) to populations historically excluded from social protection in Latin America.

  • Sam GregorySam Gregory is the Program Director at WITNESS (, the leading global organization training and supporting people to use video in human rights advocacy. In 2005, he was the lead editor on the widely used text "Video for Change: A Guide for Advocacy and Activism" (Pluto Press), and in 2007, he developed WITNESS' Video Advocacy Institute, an intensive two-week training program for human rights advocates. He has worked extensively with human rights activists, particularly in Latin America and Asia, integrating video into campaigns on a range of civil, political, social, economic and cultural human rights issues. Videos he has co-produced have been screened to decision-makers in the U.S. Congress, the U.K. Houses of Parliament, the United Nations and at film festivals worldwide. Internationally recognized for his expertise on emerging forms of advocacy he has published in human rights, social entrepreneurship and visual media journals including most recently "Cameras Everywhere: Ubiquitous Video Documentation of Human Rights, New Forms of Video Advocacy and Concerns about Safety, Security, Dignity and Consent" in the Journal of Human Rights Practice (OUP, 2010). He attended the Harvard University Kennedy School of Government on a Kennedy Memorial Scholarship, and graduated with a Masters in Public Policy. He was formerly on the Advisory Board of the Tactical Technology Collective, and is on the Board of the US Campaign for Burma.

  • Virginia GreimanVirginia Greiman, is an Assistant Professor of International Law and Development and Cyberlaw at Boston University. She also serves as an Attorney Adviser to Harvard Law School's Office of Public Interest Advising and teaches trial advocacy at HLS. As an international scholar, she has published extensively and lectured internationally on legal frameworks for confronting cybercrime, cybersecurity and international development and project finance, and participates annually in the International Conference on Information Warfare and Security. Her prior experience includes high level appointments with the U.S. Department of Justice and legal counsel to the U.S. Department of State and the U.S. Agency for International Development in Eastern and Central Europe, Asia, and Africa on privatization and development projects. Most recently, she headed a U.S. State Department delegation to Liberia on post-conflict restructuring and rule of law initiatives.

  • J. Bryan HehirJ. Bryan Hehir is the Parker Gilbert Montgomery Professor of the Practice of Religion and Public Life. He is also the Secretary for Social Services and the President of Catholic Charities in the Archdiocese of Boston. His research and writing focus on ethics and foreign policy and the role of religion in world politics and in American society. He served on the faculty of Georgetown University (1984 to 1992) and the Harvard Divinity School (1993 to 2001). His writings include: The Moral Measurement of War: A Tradition of Continuity and Change; Military Intervention and National Sovereignty; Catholicism and Democracy; and Social Values and Public Policy: A Contribution from a Religious Tradition.

  • Swanee HuntSwanee Hunt was the Founding Director of the Women and Public Policy Program at the Kennedy School. She is currently core faculty at the Center for Public Leadership and an advisor to the Working Group on Modern Day Slavery at the Carr Center for Human Rights. She has taught The Choreography of Social Movements at Harvard College and lectured at Harvards business, law, divinity, and education graduate schools. An expert on domestic policy and foreign affairs, Hunt is president of the 27 year-old Hunt Alternatives Fund. The Fund operates out of Cambridge, Massachusetts and is focused on strengthening youth arts organizations, supporting leaders of social movements, combating human trafficking, and increasing philanthropy. Hunt also chairs the Washington-based Institute for Inclusive Security, conducting research, training, and advocacy to integrate women into peace processes. Her seminal work in this area began when, as the U.S. Ambassador to Austria from 1993 to 1997, she hosted negotiations and international symposia focused on stabilizing the neighboring Balkan states and on the encouragement of women leaders throughout Eastern Europe. Building on her extensive work with US non-governmental organizations, she became a specialist in the role of women in post-communist Europe.

  • Michael IgnatieffMichael Ignatieff is a Canadian writer, teacher and former politician. He holds a doctorate in history from Harvard University and has held academic posts at Kings College, Cambridge and at the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. He served in the Parliament of Canada and was Leader of the Liberal Party of Canada. His books include The Needs of Strangers, (1984), Scar Tissue (1992), Blood and Belonging, (1993) The Warriors Honour, (1997) Isaiah Berlin (1998) The Rights Revolution (2000) Human Rights as Politics and Idolatry (2001), The Lesser Evil: Political Ethics in an Age of Terror (2004). He holds a joint professorial appointment at the Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto and at the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.

  • Joseph P. KaltJoseph P. Kalt is Ford Foundation Professor of International Political Economy. His research focuses on exploring the economic implications and political origins of the government regulation of markets. He also heads the Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development. Kalt has published widely in the area of natural resources economics and policy. He is the author of The Economics and Politics of Oil Price Regulation; Federal Policy in the Post-Embargo Era, Drawing the Line on Natural Gas Regulation (with F.C. Schuller); What Can Tribes Do? Strategies and Institutions in American Indian Economic Development (with Steven Cornell); and The State of the Native Nations (with the Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development). Kalt received his BA from Stanford University and his MA and PhD from the University of California, Los Angeles.

  • Frances M. KammFrances M. Kamm is Littauer Professor of Philosophy and Public Policy. She is the author of Creation and Abortion; Morality, Mortality, Vol. 1: Death and Whom to Save From It; Morality, Mortality Vol. 2: Rights, Duties, and Status ; and Intricate Ethics . Kamm also has published many articles on normative ethical theory and practical ethics. She has held ACLS, AAUW, NEH, and Guggenheim fellowships and has been a Fellow of the Program in Ethics and the Professions at the Kennedy School, the Center for Human Values at Princeton, and the Center for Advanced Study at Stanford. She is a member of the editorial boards of Philosophy & Public Affairs, Legal Theory, Bioethics , and Utilitas and was a consultant on ethics to the World Health Organization.

  • Jennifer LeaningAn expert in public health and rights-based responses to humanitarian crises, Jennifer Leaning, MD, SMH, is the Director of the Harvard François-Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights at Harvard University, the FXB Professor of the Practice of Health and Human Rights at Harvard School of Public Health and Associate Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School. Prior to her current appointment, Dr. Leaning served for five years as co-director of the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative. From 1999 to 2005, Dr. Leaning directed the Program on Humanitarian Crises and Human Rights at the FXB Center. During the 1980s and 1990s, Dr. Leaning held progressively responsible roles in medical management at Harvard Community Health Plan and worked clinically in emergency medicine at Brigham and Women's Hospital. She has served on the boards of Physicians for Human Rights, Physicians for Social Responsibility and Oxfam America and currently is a member of the Board of Directors of the Humane Society of the United States and the Massachusetts Bay Chapter of the American Red Cross. She is on the editorial boards of several journals and a member of the Board of Syndics at Harvard University Press. Her research and teaching interests are in human rights, international humanitarian law, and public health and policy response to humanitarian crises. The author of many academic articles, she has also edited two books, including Humanitarian Crises: The Medical and Public Health Response, published by Harvard University Press in 1999. She earned her B.A. magna cum laude from Radcliffe College, her masters of science from HSPH, and her M.D. with honors from the University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine.

  • Timothy Patrick McCarthyTimothy Patrick McCarthy is Lecturer on History and Literature, Adjunct Lecturer on Public Policy, and Director of the new Human Rights and Social Movements Program at the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy at the Harvard Kennedy School. He also teaches in the Committee on Degrees in Studies of Women, Gender, and Sexuality in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences. An historian of social movements, Dr. McCarthy graduated with honors from Harvard College and received his Ph.D. in History from Columbia University, where he completed his dissertation under the direction of Eric Foner. Dr. McCarthy's research agenda focuses on the relationship between human rights and social movements in three main areas: race relations and civil rights; LGBT politics, policy, and advocacy; and modern slavery and human trafficking. At the Carr Center, he runs a biweekly study group on Human Rights and Social Movements, and co-chairs, with Christina Bain, the Regional Working Group on modern Slavery and Human Trafficking. He has published two books - The Radical Reader: A Documentary History of the American Radical Tradition (New Press, 2003) and Prophets of Protest: Reconsidering the History of American Abolitionism (New Press, 2006) - and his third book, Protest Nation: The Radical Roots of Modern America, (New Press, 2010). He is also currently at work on several other book projects. His essays and reviews have appeared in The Boston Globe, Journal of American History, In These Times, Gay and Lesbian Review Worldwide, Souls, Journal for the Study of Radicalism, Folha, and The Nation, and he is a regular contributor to radio, web, and other media outlets. A popular and award-winning teacher and advisor, Dr. McCarthy has received the Stephen Botein Prize for Outstanding Teaching (2000), Thomas Temple Hoopes Prize for Excellence in Senior Thesis Advising (2002, 2009), John R. Marquand Award for Exceptional Advising and Counseling (2003), Derek Bok Certificate of Distinction in Teaching (2006, 2007, 2008), and the Special Commendation for Excellence in Teaching at the Harvard Kennedy School (2009). Dr. McCarthy is also a nationally known educator and public servant. Since 2002, he has served as Academic Director of the Boston Clemente Course in the Humanities, a multi-disciplinary college course offered free of charge to low-income adults through the Codman Square Health Center in Dorchester, MA. As founding director of Harvard's Alternative Spring Break Church Rebuilding Project, he has spent the last decade taking groups of students down South to rebuild black churches that have been burned in arson attacks. In 2007, he received the Humble Servant Award from the National Coalition for Burned Churches for his commitment to civil rights and religious tolerance. An outspoken and respected leader in the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender community, Dr. McCarthy was a founding member of Barack Obama's National LGBT Leadership Council, serves on the Board of the Harvard Gay and Lesbian Caucus, and, in 2009, delivered Harvard's prestigious Nicholas Papadopoulos Lecture, entitled "Stonewall's Children: Life, Loss, and Love after Liberation." He lectures widely on topics ranging from history and literature to politics and human rights.

  • Jonathan MooreFormer Ambassador Jonathan Moore is a visiting Fellow at the John Sloan Dickey Center for International Understanding. As a Fellow Moore specializes in post- conflict reconstruction and nation-building. Currently, he is an associate at the Joan Shorenstein Center for the Press, Politics and Public Policy at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard. From 1989-92 Moore was Ambassador to the United Nations and Representative to its Economic and Social Council, and from 1986- 89 U.S. Coordinator and Ambassador at large for Refugees and as Director of the Refugee Programs Bureau, U.S. Department of State. He continues efforts pursued over the past fifteen years for the United Nations and other international organizations in relief and development programs in poor and conflicted countries such as Cambodia, Afghanistan, Mozambique, Somalia, Haiti, Rwanda, Kosovo, Croatia, and Sri Lanka.

  • Sarah SewallSarah Sewall teaches international affairs at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government, where she also directs the Program on National Security and Human Rights. Dr. Sewall is the founder and faculty director of the Mass Atrocity Response Operations (MARO) Project. She is currently leading a study on civilian casualties with the United States Military. She led the Obama Transitions National Security Agency Review process in 2008. During the Clinton Administration, Dr. Sewall served as the first Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Peacekeeping and Humanitarian Assistance. From 1983-1996, she served as Senior Foreign Policy Advisor to Senate Majority Leader George J. Mitchell on the Democratic Policy Committee and the Senate Arms Control Observer Group. Before joining Harvard, Dr. Sewall was at the American Academy of Arts and Sciences where she edited The United States and the International Criminal Court (2002). Her more recent publications include the introduction to the University of Chicago Edition of the U.S. Army and Marine Corps Counterinsurgency Manual (2007) and, with John White, Parameters of Partnership: U.S. Civil-Military Relations in the 21st Century (2009). Dr. Sewall is a member of the U.S. Department of Defense's Defense Policy Board Advisory Committee and the Center for Naval Analyses Defense Advisory Committee and is on the board of Oxfam America. She graduated from Harvard College and received her doctorate from Oxford University, where she was a Rhodes Scholar.

  • Malcolm SparrowMalcolm Sparrow is Professor of the Practice of Public Management, Faculty Chair of the MPP Program, and Faculty Chair of the Executive Program on Strategic Management of Regulatory and Enforcement Agencies. He served 10 years with the British Police Service, rising to the rank of Detective Chief Inspector, and has had extensive experience with criminal investigation. Recent publications include: The Character of Harms: Operational Challenges in Control; The Regulatory Craft: Controlling Risks, Solving Problems, and Managing Compliance; and License to Steal: How Fraud Bleeds Americas Health Care System. His research interests include regulatory and enforcement strategy, fraud control, and risk management and analysis. He is also a patent-holding inventor in the area of computerized fingerprint analysis and is dead serious at tennis. He holds an MA in mathematics from Cambridge University, an MPA from the Kennedy School, and a PhD in applied mathematics.

  • Felisa TibbittsFelisa Tibbitts is director and co-founder of Human Rights Education Associates (HREA), an international recognized non-governmental organization dedicated to education and learning about human rights. Tibbitts has carried out capacity-development work supporting national curricular reform efforts in human rights, law-related and civic education programming in Albania, China, Croatia, Estonia, Northern Ireland, Morocco, Romania and Ukraine and has carried out trainings in over 20 countries. Tibbitts' teaching efforts are focused on the topics of Human Rights Education, Monitoring Children's Rights, the Human Rights-Based Approach to Programming, and Research and Evaluation in the NGO Sector. In addition to teaching these online courses for her own organization and her work at HGSE, she is a Visiting Professor at the United Nations' University for Peace in Costa Rica. Tibbitts has published extensively and is a consultative expert for the Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights, UNICEF, UNESCO, OSCE, the Council of Europe and the Open Society Institute. She was trained in educational research, planning and policy through Master's programs at Harvard's Kennedy School of Government and the Harvard Graduate School of Education, where she also obtained a Certificate of Advanced Studies. During the 2008-9 academic year she was a Fellow at the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy at the Kennedy School of Government.

  • David Yanagizawa-DrottDavid Yanagizawa-Drott is an Assistant Professor of Public Policy at the Harvard Kennedy School. His research interests include economic development and political economy, with special focus on political violence, health, information and mass media. He has explored issues such as the impact of hate propaganda on violence during the 1994 Rwanda Genocide and the strategic determinants of news about human rights violations. He is currently investigating how innovations in information and communication technologies can be used to prevent political violence in conflict zones. Born in Sweden, he holds a MSc in Economics from University of Gothenburg and a PhD in Economics from Stockholm University.