Start: 2006-12-17, Publication: 2012-11-09
Name:American Society of Access Professionals
The American Society of Access Professionals (ASAP) is a nongovernmental, independent, educational, not-for-profit association.
It was founded in 1980 by concerned federal government employees and private citizens working in the fields of information
access through the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), the Privacy Act (PA), and laws and regulations.
- Access Professionals: An access professional is a person who: * administers access laws by performing such functions as evaluating, selecting, or
determining the information to be accessed; safeguarding information from unfair or illegal uses; advising on the accessibility
of information; or adjudicating cases involving legal rights of access to information; * uses access laws in performing such
functions as writing or some other journalistic endeavor which relies upon access to information covered by legal restraints;
teaching about the laws, principles, practices, and regulations pertaining to information sciences; or representing the interests
of those who claim rights of access to information; * promotes principles of fair information practice by performing such
functions as encouraging the uniform administration of access laws; suggesting legislative or administrative changes regarding
such laws; or testifying to facts which can lead to improved information practices; or * promotes citizen participation in
government decision making by administering open meetings laws.
- ASAP Members: ARTICLE III - Membership -- Sec. 1. Qualification. All members shall be individuals, not firms or organizations. Any person
may become a member of the Society upon payment of dues. All members agree to abide by the Society's Bylaws and to subscribe
to the Society's Statement of Purposes as provided herein. Members are subject to dues payment as prescribed by the Board
of Directors. Sec. 2. Membership Categories. Standard membership categories are defined as Regular, Student and Associate.
- ASAP Regular Members: A Regular member is any individual who has an interest in the FOIA or Privacy Act, and does not fit into another membership
category. A Regular member includes, but is not limited to, individuals who are practitioners, requestors, attorneys representing
FOIA and privacy interests, academics, authors, consultants, and researchers. Regular members in good standing shall have
voting privileges in the Society. Each Regular member is entitled to one vote. Any Regular member may hold elective office.
Regular members shall receive all benefits of membership as such benefits are set forth by the Board, as well as any additional
benefits as may be adopted by a majority vote of the Board of Directors.
- ASAP Student Members: A Student member is any individual who is at least a part-time student. Student members shall have all the rights and privileges
accorded to Regular members.
- ASAP Associate Members: An Associate member is any individual who is employed by a commercial vendor/contractor for the primary purpose of selling
products or services to the access/privacy community (and in particular government agencies). Associate members shall have
all the rights and privileges accorded to Regular members with the exception of holding elected office.
- ASAP Special Members: Special Membership - Special categories of membership, such as Member Emeritus, Life, Honorary or Retired may, upon recommendation
of the Board, be conferred upon a Regular member or other nominated individual under such terms as the national Board of Directors
shall determine from time to time. Current Board members are ineligible for nomination. Persons holding special memberships
shall have no voting rights, are not subject to dues payments and may not hold elected positions.
- ASAP Board of Directors: ARTICLE IV - Board of Directors: Sec. 1. General Powers. The general management of the Society shall be vested in the Board.
The Board may delegate such powers as it deems desirable to any officer, member or committee. Sec. 2. Responsibilities. Routine
business shall be conducted by a quorum of the Board. The consent of a majority of the Board shall be necessary to effect
or change policy and to commit large or significant expenditures. At all meetings of the Board a majority shall be present
to constitute a quorum for the transaction of any business. The Board members present at a duly organized meeting may continue
to transact business until adjournment, notwithstanding the withdrawal of enough members to have less than a quorum at the
meeting. Sec. 3. Composition. The Society shall be governed by a nine?member Board of Directors ("Board") consisting of the
President, Vice President, Secretary, Treasurer ("officers"), four Directors and the Immediate Past President. At least one
member of the Board will be from a non-government entity. The officers and four Directors shall be elected by ballot of the
general membership. Each member of the Board shall have one vote. Sec. 4. Terms of Office. The President, Vice President,
Secretary, and Treasurer shall be elected to one?year terms. The four Directors shall be elected to two?year terms. No person
may serve on the Board for more than five consecutive years. None of the restrictions in these Bylaws shall prevent the Immediate
Past President from serving on the Board following his or her term as President. The term of office shall be by calendar year.
Sec. 5. Restrictions. No more than two persons from the same functional organization or agency may serve on the Board at the
same time. Sec. 6. Meetings. The Board shall meet at the call of the President at least four times per year. Telephonic participation
shall constitute presence in person at meetings. A majority of the members of the Board may call a special meeting for extraordinary
reasons. Sec. 7. Vacancies. In the event of a vacancy on the Board, the remaining members of the Board shall by majority vote
elect a person from the general membership to fill the unexpired term. Sec. 8. Removal. The Board shall have the power to
remove from the Board any Director who is absent from more than two consecutive regular Board meetings. Removal shall be by
a majority vote of the Board.
- ASAP Officers: ARTICLE V - Officers: Sec. 1. Elected Officers. The elected officers of the Society shall be President, Vice President, Secretary
and Treasurer. New officers are elected by the membership and serve until their successors have been duly elected.
- ASAP President: Sec. 2. President. The President shall be the Chief Executive Officer, and shall preside at all meetings of the general membership
and the Board. The President has the responsibility to assure the smooth functioning of the Society. The President has the
power to convene meetings of the Board, present plans and alternatives for the Board's consideration and vote, and convene
emergency meetings of the general membership. The President shall work closely with all committees to assure their smooth
operation, and shall be an ex officio member of all committees.
- Anne Weismann: PRESIDENT -- Ms. Weismann serves as Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington's Chief Counsel. Prior to joining
CREW, Ms. Weismann served as Deputy Chief of the Enforcement Bureau at the Federal Communications Commission, where she had
responsibility for all of the Bureau's telecommunications matters. Before that, she worked in the Civil Division of the Department
of Justice, where she served as an Assistant Branch Director with supervisory responsibility over banking litigation, housing
litigation and, from 1995 until 2002, all government information litigation. This included litigation under the Freedom of
Information Act, the Privacy Act, the Federal Advisory Committee Act and statutes governing federal and presidential records.
Prior to that, she worked in the Solicitor's Office at the Department of Labor. Ms. Weismann currently serves as a president
on the ASAP Board.
- ASAP Vice President: Sec. 3. Vice President. The Vice President shall exercise all powers of the President in the President's absence or incapacity
and shall perform other duties as may be assigned by the President or Board. The Vice President shall automatically succeed
to be president in the event that the office of president becomes vacant.
- Joel D. Miller: VICE PREISDENT -- Mr. Miller is an Assistant General Counsel in the FOIA Litigation Unit of the Office of the General Counsel
of the FBI where he has been since July of 2004. During that period, he has been involved in several of the most significant
FOIA litigations involving the FBI. Prior to joining the FBI, Mr. Miller served for 30 years as an Army Judge Advocate, retiring
with the rank of Colonel. Elected as a Director of ASAP in 2009, Mr. Miller currently serves as Vice-President. He holds both
BA and JD degrees from Rutgers University and an LLM from The George Washington University.
- ASAP Secretary: Sec. 4. Secretary. The Secretary shall oversee the minutes and votes of all meetings of the Board and the general membership.
The Secretary shall perform other duties as assigned by the Board.
- Carmen L. Mallon: SECRETARY -- Ms. Mallon became the Chief of Staff of the Office of Information Policy of the United States Department of Justice
in 2007. The Office of Information Policy (OIP) is responsible for developing guidance for Executive Branch agencies on the
Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), for ensuring that the President's FOIA Memorandum and the Attorney General's FOIA Guidelines
are fully implemented across the government and for overseeing agency compliance with the law. OIP is also responsible for
processing initial FOIA requests for the Senior Leadership Offices of the Department of Justice and for adjudicating all administrative
FOIA appeals from denials for all forty components of the Department. Before becoming Chief of Staff, Ms. Mallon served for
eight years as the Chief of the Initial Request Staff of OIP, where she was responsible for managing the processing of initial
requests made to the Department's Senior Leadership Offices, including the Offices of the Attorney General, Deputy Attorney
General, Associate Attorney General, Legal Policy, Public Affairs, Legislative Affairs and Intergovernmental and Public Liaison.
As Chief of Staff of OIP, Ms. Mallon oversees the day-to-day operations of the Office and holds primary responsibility for
the work performed by the IR Staff which includes serving as the denial authority for all IR Staff actions. Ms. Mallon has
over twenty years of experience working with the Freedom of Information Act. She joined the Department of Justice's Civil
Division in 1987 working in its FOIA office and then joined OIP in 1989 where she has held various positions. Ms. Mallon has
taught courses on the FOIA for numerous federal agencies and the American Society of Access Professionals.
- ASAP Treasurer: Sec. 5. Treasurer. The Treasurer shall be responsible for the Society's budget and monthly financial statements to the Board.
The Treasurer shall present an annual financial statement to the membership. The Treasurer shall be responsible for the Society's
books, make deposits, sign checks for expenditures, and collect and record dues and other income. The Treasurer is responsible
for verifying the legitimacy of expenditures. The Treasurer shall also oversee the filing of the annual tax return. The Treasurer
shall be an ex officio member of all committees. The Treasurer shall perform other duties as assigned by the Board.
- Karen Finnegan: TREASURER -- Ms. Finnegan is the Deputy Director of the Office of Government Information Services (OGIS), which is part of
the National Archives and Records Administration. OGIS's statutory mission is to serve as the government-wide Freedom of Information
Act (FOIA) Ombudsman, to review agencies' FOIA practices, procedures and compliance, to recommend policy changes to Congress
and the President to improve the administration of FOIA, and to provide mediation services to resolve disputes between FOIA
requesters and Federal agencies. Prior to serving in this position, Ms. Finnegan served as a Special Assistant U.S. Attorney
assigned to the FOIA Staff of the Executive Office for United States Attorneys as well as its Privacy Act Officer. Prior to
serving in this capacity, Ms. Finnegan was the Chief, FOIA/PA Branch, Office of Freedom of Information, in the Department
of Defense. In this capacity, Ms. Finnegan supervised the processing of FOIA and Privacy Act requests seeking access to records
maintained by the Office of the Secretary of Defense and the Joint Staff. Ms. Finnegan has also served as an Assistant General
Counsel in the FOIA Litigation Unit, the Office of the General Counsel, at the Federal Bureau of Investigation and as an Attorney
Advisor with the Office of Information Policy ("OIP") in the Department of Justice. Ms. Finnegan is currently serving as the
Treasurer of the American Society of Access Professionals ("ASAP"), and served as President in 2007 and its Treasurer in 2002-2004
and 2008-2011. Ms. Finnegan also serves as an instructor in various OGIS, ASAP, and Department of Justice training programs.
- Stephen McConnell: IMMEDIATE PAST PRESIDENT -- Mr. McConnell is currently the Public Affairs Officer for the Naval Ordnance Test Unit, Department
of the Navy. Until last year, he was the Principal Agency FOIA Officer, National Aeronautics and Space Administration. As
NASA's FOIA Officer, Mr. McConnell is responsible for the agency's responses to access requests and establishing policy and
procedures for a decentralized FOIA program. He has extensive FOIA experience; serving in past positions with US Army Criminal
Investigation Command (CID), US Secret Service (USSS), and the Department of Agriculture (USDA). Mr. McConnell is the incumbent
President and has served previously as a Director on ASAP's Board since 2007. As president, he has focused on increasing communications,
membership, and attendance at both the National Conference and the Training Workshop. He has been part of the planning groups
for the past three (3) ASAP National Training Conferences. Additionally, the ASAP newsletter has been reestablished with two
editions published in 2009.
- Cindy Allard: DIRECTOR -- Ms. Allard is the Chief of the Office of the Secretary of Defense/Joint Staff Privacy Office and a member of the
Defense Privacy Board. She has been an employee of the Department of Defense for 23 years and has worked for the Army, Navy
and Air Force in both field activities and higher headquarters. Most recently, Cindy managed the FOIA and PA programs for
the Defense Security Cooperation Agency. She currently serves on the ASAP Board of Directors and served as secretary in 2009.
- Scott Hodes: DIRECTOR -- Mr. Hodes entered private practice in 2003. Prior to that, he spent over a decade working as an attorney for the
federal government. Mr. Hodes worked for the Department of Labor, Department of Justice (Office of Information and Privacy)
and the FBI. From 1998 to 2002 at the FBI, Mr. Hodes was the Acting Unit Chief of the Freedom of Information/Privacy Act Section's
Litigation Unit and was a Top Secret Classification Authority. Mr. Hodes has been involved in thousands of FOIA and Privacy
Act matters. Mr. Hodes is admitted to the bars of the District of Columbia and the State of Maryland, the United States District
Court for the District of Columbia and the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia. He has also been admitted
pro hac vice to practice before other federal district courts. Mr. Hodes is a member of the American Society of Access Professionals
and a contributor to a number of publications on matters dealing with government information policies and practices. Mr. Hodes
currently practices civil matters, focusing primarily on the Freedom of Information and Privacy Act. Mr. Hodes received his
J.D. from Arizona State University in 1989 and his B.S. in Accounting from Indiana University in 1986.
- William H. Holzerland: DIRECTOR -- William H. (Bill) Holzerland serves as the Director, Division of Freedom of Information for the U.S. Food and
Drug Administrationâ€™s Center for Devices and Radiological Health. Prior to joining FDA, Holzerland worked at the newly formed
Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB), where he was the Senior FOIA Analyst and FOIA Public Liaison. In that role, he
assisted the CFPB FOIA Manager in creating FOIA and Privacy Act (PA) policies, as well as reviewed and approved FOIA/PA cases
processed by the Bureauâ€™s analysts. Before joining the CFPB, Holzerland served at the U.S. Department of Homeland Security
(DHS) Privacy Office as Associate Director, Disclosure Policy & FOIA Program Development, as well as the DHS FOIA Public Liaison.
In this role, he assisted the DHS Chief & Deputy Chief FOIA Officers in formulating and disseminating Departmental FOIA and
Privacy Act policy, among other duties. Holzerland, a Buffalo, New York native, earned a dual Bachelor of Arts in Journalism/Mass
Communications and History from St. Bonaventure University. He is a 2013 J.D. candidate at the University of Baltimore School
- Richard L. Huff: DIRECTOR -- As a member of the Senior Executive Service, Mr. Huff served as one of two co-directors of the Office of Information
and Privacy since the Office's creation in 1982 until his retirement in 2005. He was the official designated by the Attorney
General to act on all administrative appeals from denials under the Freedom of Information Act and Privacy Act of 1974 by
Department of Justice components. (The Department averaged over 3000 such administrative appeals each year.) He litigated
and supervised FOIA cases at the district and appellate level and has testified before Congress on the implementation of the
1996 Electronic FOIA Amendments and on the interface between the FOIA and the Privacy Act. For twenty-three years he oversaw
the development of the "Freedom of Information Act Guide & Privacy Act Overview," the Department of Justice's 1100-page treatise
that was updated and distributed every other year to more than 22,000 recipients. He has also published several legal articles,
including "A Preliminary Analysis of the Implementation of the Freedom of Information Reform Act." Mr. Huff came to the Department
of Justice in 1976 after serving seven years on active duty in the Army; during his last reserve assignment he was assigned
to the Army Judge Advocate General's Legal Center and School where he taught FOIA and Privacy Act subjects to military graduate
students. He is now a retired colonel in the Army Reserve. Since retiring Mr. Huff has made one-, two-, and three-day training
presentations for the Departments of Justice, Army, Commerce, and Homeland Security, as well as for the American Society of
Access Professionals and the Graduate School, United States Department of Agriculture. Mr. Huff received a B.A. from Stanford,
an M.A. from St. Mary's University, a Juris Doctor from Hastings College of the Law, and a Master of Laws from Georgetown
- Jeffrey Parrillo: DIRECTOR -- After two and a half years as a Privacy/FOIA Officer in the Veterans Administration Boston Healthcare System,
Mr. Parrillo joined the VHA FOIA Office on February 27, 2011. He also spent two years as the VISN 1 FOIA Officer and Alternate
VISN 1 Privacy Officer. He has been a member of the VHA Privacy Advisory Council (PAC). Previous to his career with the VA,
he managed a busy outpatient hematology/oncology clinic at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, a large Harvard University-affiliated
teaching hospital in Boston. Additionally, he has nine years of long term care management experience, and from 1999-2002,
he served in various roles on the Board of Directors for the Rhode Island Public Health Association.
- Aaron Wieczorek: DIRECTOR -- Mr. Wieczorek is an attorney-advisor for EPA. Previously he attended law school where, in addition to serving
as the elected Editor-in-Chief of a large law journal, he spent time working for state governments, the Department of Justice,
and the Environmental Protection Agency in various capacities and locations. Prior to this, a native Texan with a B.S. in
Economics, he relocated to the DC-area originally to work at Freedom House, a large 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization where
his duties included general policy memoranda, and accounting/financial statements.
- ASAP Committees: ARTICLE VI - Committees: Sec. 1. Committees. The Board shall establish Nominating and Tellers Committees. The Board may establish
Training, Symposium, and Luncheon committees. The Board may create other committees as needed on a standing or ad hoc basis.
Sec. 2. Chairs. With the approval of the Board, the President shall appoint the chairs for all committees. Sec. 3. Committee
Members. The chairs of all committees shall appoint their committee members. Sec. 4. Committee Structure. Each committee shall
operate pursuant to the purpose and function as approved by the Board.
- Requester Community: The requester community includes private citizens, law firms, businesses, media and nonprofit organizations; it is not a government
- Private Citizens
- Law Firms
- Nonprofit Organizations